Edward, the son of
Henry III and Eleanor
de Provence, was born June 17 1239 at the Palace of Westminster.
Eleanor of Spain was aged nine, and Edward fifteen when they married, and they became devoted to each other. In 1272 Edward was in Sicily with Charles of Anjou when his father, Henry III died and he succeeded to the English throne. He and Eleanor were crowned in Westminster Abbey in August 1274.
Edward fought a series of wars against the Scots, defeating John Balliol whom he had placed on the throne but who later defied English dominance. Edward invaded Wales and killed Llywelyn, The last ruling Welsh Prince. He then ordered further castles to be built to subdue the Welsh people.
After Eleanor died in 1290, Edward agreed to a political union in an attempt to reduce tension between France and England when he agreed to marry Marguerite, daughter of Philippe III.
Edward died at Bugh-on-the-Sands, Carlisle, while on his way to Scotland to subdue Robert the Bruce, and was succeeded by his son, Edward II. He was buried in Westminster Abbey.
Marguerite died at Marlborough Castle, Wiltshire, February 14 1317.
The Monasterio de las Huelgas,